Significant Cyberattack Incidents

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Moonlight Maze, 1998-1999


Moonlight Maze is the code name for a long-term infiltration of American defense institutions, which lasted from 1998 until its accidental discovery about two years later. The computer systems of the Pentagon, NASA, the Department of Energy, and leading research universities were compromised by cyberattackers operating from somewhere inside the former Soviet Union (though Russia denied any involvement, of course). They apparently succeeded in accessing thousands of sensitive files, including maps of American military installations around the world, troop configurations, doctrine, and blueprints of military hardware. 

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