What's Going On in the Intelligence Community IG Office?

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What's Going On in the Intelligence Community IG Office?
AP Photo/Jacquelyn Martin
What's Going On in the Intelligence Community IG Office?
AP Photo/Jacquelyn Martin
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The House impeachment inquiry has focused on the July 25 telephone call between President Donald Trump and Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelenskiy. Concerns about that call were raised by an unnamed member of the intelligence community through a so-called “whistleblower complaint.”  

Now, concerns are being raised about whether the complaint, which is not based on first-hand knowledge, should have been considered at all. What’s going on? 

Under federal law, a member of the intelligence community can file a whistleblower complaint with the Intelligence Community Inspector General with respect to an “urgent concern” relating to an intelligence activity under the authority of the director of national intelligence. If the ICIG deems the complaint credible, he reports it to the director of national intelligence, who in turn informs the Senate and House intelligence committees.

 At the time of the Trump-Zelenskiy call, the ICIG’s policy unequivocally required that, to be deemed credible, a complaint must be based on first-hand knowledge: 

In  order  to  find  an  urgent  concern  “credible,”  the  ICIG  must  be  in  possession of reliable, first-hand information.  The ICIG cannot transmit information   via   the ICWPA [Intelligence Community Whistleblower Protection Act]   based   on   an   employee’s   second-hand knowledge of wrongdoing. This  includes  information  received  from another  person,  such  as  when a  fellow employee informs you  that  he/she  witnessed some type of wrongdoing. (Anyone with first-hand knowledge of the allegations may file a disclosure in writing directly with the ICIG.)  Similarly, speculation about the existence of wrongdoing does not provide sufficient basis to meet the statutory requirements of the ICWPA.  If you think wrongdoing took place, but can  provide  nothing  more  than  second-hand  or unsubstantiated assertions, ICIG will not be  able  to  process  the  complaint or information for submission as an ICWPA.

This whistleblower complaint, however, is based entirely on second- and even third-hand information.  Although the whistleblower says that he learned about “most” of the events from other people and sources — suggesting that at least some of his knowledge comes from his own observations — every specific event he describes was revealed to him by second-hand sources or from press reports about what other people said. Not once does he identify any information learned first-hand.  

On its face, therefore, this complaint was inconsistent with the ICIG’s policy and, therefore, could not be deemed credible and reported to the director of national intelligence. But it was. 

On Sept. 30, ICIG Michael Atkinson issued a news release acknowledging that, under the policy existing when he received this complaint, he could not have deemed it credible and reported it to the director of national intelligence. Instead, he admitted, he processed the complaint under a policy allowing second-hand information — a policy that he did not establish until after he received that complaint.  

According to his news release, Atkinson simply accepted at face value the whistleblower’s assertion that he had first-hand information of at least some of the events alleged, even though the report itself provides no such information. 

Now, under pressure, Atkinson is trying to spin his way out of this controversy. He claims, for example, that the original policy’s language “could be read – incorrectly – as suggesting that whistleblowers must possess first-hand information in order to file an urgent concern complaint with the congressional intelligence committees.” That claim is simply false. 

The policy said that the ICIG — that is, Atkinson himself — could not deem a complaint credible based on second-hand information.  It did not prevent a whistleblower from filing such a complaint or prevent Atkinson from using it as the basis for an investigation that might reveal first-hand sources. 

Pivoting, Atkinson then claims that, no matter what the policy has said, it has actually always been the policy, at least as long as he’s been the ICIG, to accept complaints even if they lack first-hand information. And besides, Atkinson continues, this whistleblower checked a box on a form filed with the complaint saying that he did have first-hand information. 

So what is really going on here? 

First, Atkinson has admitted that he never reviewed the White House memorandum describing the content of the Trump-Zelensky call before concluding that the complaint about that call was “credible.” It appears that he substituted a checked box representing an unsupported assertion of first-hand knowledge for the actual substance and content of the complaint itself.  

Second, either Atkinson had the wrong policy all along, which he only decided to change in response to this complaint, or he had the right policy all along, which he ignored for this whistleblower and changed only after explosive congressional and media attention. Neither of these is acceptable. 

We may never know whether the whistleblower complaint about the Trump-Zelensky is truly credible. But, so far at least, Atkinson’s shifting explanations for his handling of that complaint are not. 

GianCarlo Canaparo is a legal fellow in The Heritage Foundation’s Center for Legal and Judicial Studies.

Thomas Jipping is deputy director of the Heritage Foundation's Center for Legal and Judicial Studies.



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